Toggle menu
Toggle personal menu
Not logged in
Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits.

SD Clean/Linux

From Hacks Guide Wiki
< SD CleanThis is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent.

This is an add-on section for completely recreating an SD card's filesystem using fdisk and mkfs. This should only be done if formatting does not fix your issue or is not possible for some reason.

This page is for Linux users only. If you are not on Linux, see the Windows and/or Mac pages instead.


OOjs UI icon information-warning.svg Before beginning these steps, copy all of your SD card's contents to a folder on your computer.
OOjs UI icon information-warning.svg The commands in this guide are case-sensitive. Enter them exactly as written, or there may be unintended consequences.
  1. Make sure your SD card is not inserted.
  2. Open a terminal window and type watch lsblk.
  3. Insert the SD card and watch for a new device appearing in lsblk.
    • Observe the output for the new device. It should match something like this:
      mmcblk0     179:0    0   3,8G  0 disk
      └─mmcblk0p1 179:1    0   3,7G  0 part /run/media/user/FFFF-FFFF
  4. Take note of the name of the device that now appears. In our example above, it was mmcblk0p1.
    • If RO is set to 1, make sure the lock switch is not slid down.
  5. Hit CTRL + C to exit the menu.
  6. For each partition of the disk, type umount /dev/<device name>i.
    • Replace i with the partition number you are unmounting.
  7. Type sudo fdisk /dev/<device name>.
  8. Enter o, then enter n and go through all the resulting prompts without changing settings.
    • If it asks whether to remove a VFAT signature, choose to remove it.
  9. Once you are back at fdisk's main menu, enter t and then enter 0c
  10. Enter a and then p - observe the output, and make sure the device is now formatted correctly.
  11. If there are no issues, enter w - this will save changes and exit the fdisk prompt.
  12. Type sudo mkfs.vfat /dev/<device name> -s 64 to reformat the new partition.
    • If the SD card is over 32GB in size, change 64 to 128
  13. Type sudo eject /dev/<device name>, then remove and reinsert the SD card.
  14. Copy your data back onto the SD card.